Washington State Department of Financial Institutions

Investing in 529 College Savings Plans

Investors Must Do Their Homework

As the year draws to a close, many investors are making decisions for their long-term financial goals, including saving for college through Section 529 College Savings plans. With increasing numbers of investors turning to these plans to help finance higher education costs, it is important that consumers to get all the facts before making investment decisions.

The most recent statistics from the College Savings Plan Network, an affiliate of the National Association of State Treasurers, show that state-sponsored 529 College Savings Plans have attracted more than $72.4 billion in assets. These tax-advantaged savings plans are designed to encourage saving for future higher education costs by allowing contributions to grow tax-free. The money investors take out later from the plans is free from federal taxes as long as it is used to pay for qualified higher education expenses. The tax-free withdrawal provisions are scheduled to lapse in 2010 unless renewed by Congress.

Every state and the District of Columbia offer at least one 529 College Savings Plan. Although these plans can be purchased directly from the plan administrator, industry estimates show that as many as three out of four investors purchase their plan with the help of an investment professional, such as a financial adviser or broker.

Questions to ask before you invest in a 529 College Savings Plan:

  1. What are the plan’s tax implications? Tax treatment of college savings plan contributions, earnings, and withdrawals varies from one state to another. A number of states allow residents who participate in their own state’s plans to claim a partial or full state income tax deduction on contributions. In addition, many states provide residents with a state tax break on money taken out of 529 plans to pay qualified college expenses. Make sure you understand your state’s tax treatment of contributions to, and earnings distributions from, both in-state and out-of-state 529 plans.
  2. What are the plan’s expenses? All College Savings Plans have associated costs, which can affect your investment return. Plans sold by financial professionals often cost more than plans purchased directly from the state. These extra costs generally stem from sales loads or other fees associated with share classes, annual distribution fees, including fees used to compensate the financial professional. You are entitled to a complete list of the costs associated with the plans – be sure to ask for it.
  3. How are you compensated for these plans? Ask whether the adviser or broker receives a commission from any of the plans he or she is recommending. You also should be sure to ask about the plans offered by your home state to ensure that the plan you ultimately select best suits your needs.
  4. Does an out-of-state plan’s performance or costs outweigh tax benefits of a home state plan? No two plans are exactly alike, and in some cases, if might make sense to consider an out-of-state plan. For example, if your in-state plan offers a tax deduction, but is saddled with high fees and poor performance, an out-of-state plan with lower fees and stronger performance may be the better choice.

A free brochure from the National Securities Administrators of America is available online. "A Guide to Understanding College Savings Plans"


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